The Mullaperiyar Agreement of 1970 in Malayalam: An Overview and its Significance
The Mullaperiyar Agreement of 1970 in Malayalam is a crucial agreement between Kerala and Tamil Nadu regarding the water sharing of the Mullaperiyar Dam. The agreement, signed on 29th October 1970, resolved a long-standing dispute between the two states regarding the ownership and use of the dam, which is situated in Kerala but supplies water to Tamil Nadu.
The agreement was signed by K. Karunakaran, the then Chief Minister of Kerala, and M. Karunanidhi, the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. The agreement stipulated that the water from the Mullaperiyar Dam would be shared equally between the two states. Kerala would get 50 percent of the water, while Tamil Nadu would receive the other 50 percent. The agreement also established a three-member committee to oversee the implementation of the agreement and resolve any disputes that might arise.
The Mullaperiyar Dam, which was constructed in 1895 during British rule, is one of the oldest dams in India. The dam is situated on the Periyar River in Idukki district of Kerala and is used for generating hydroelectric power and irrigation purposes in the region. The dam`s water is also used for drinking and domestic purposes in Tamil Nadu.
The Mullaperiyar Dam has been a source of tension between Kerala and Tamil Nadu for many years, with both states claiming ownership of the dam and the right to use its water. The dispute has led to several legal battles between the two states, including a case that went to the Supreme Court of India in 2014. The Supreme Court upheld the validity of the 1970 agreement and ordered the two states to cooperate and work together to resolve any issues that might arise.
The Mullaperiyar Agreement of 1970 in Malayalam is of great significance as it resolved a long-standing dispute between Kerala and Tamil Nadu that had been causing tensions between the two states for many years. The agreement was a landmark in the history of water-sharing agreements between Indian states and set a precedent for future agreements.
In conclusion, the Mullaperiyar Agreement of 1970 in Malayalam is an important agreement that resolved the ownership and use of the Mullaperiyar Dam between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The agreement has been instrumental in ensuring the smooth sharing of water between the two states and has been a model for future water-sharing agreements in India. The agreement`s significance cannot be overstated, and its successful implementation is a testament to the power of cooperation and collaboration in resolving disputes between states.