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The Buganda Agreement 1900 Pdf

Assuming that the territory of the Kingdom of Uganda, which consists within the borders mentioned in the agreement, amounts to 19,600 square miles, it will be divided into the following proportions: Before the sigh of the Buganda Agreement of 1900, the kingdom of Buganda was an absolute monarchy under the leadership of Kabaka. At that time, there were three categories of kabaka, 1.Chiefs who were also called Bakungu or heads of administration, these were appointed by Kabaka, 2. the traditional Bataka leaders plus the Batangole chiefs, who served as representatives of the king, they were responsible for the surveillance of the royal lands, the maintenance of internal security in the kingdom as well as military tasks. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Convention of 1900 included clear borders of the Kingdom of Uganda, a land ownership system and a tax policy. In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganjika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that the relationship between Uganda and the protective power should have a different character than that of the local authorities and the Tanganjika government. [9] Recognizing that the early protectorate had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan to reform and restructure the system between the protectorate government and the Buganda government. [10] In asserting that the relationship between the protectorate government and the government of Buganda`s mother was that of protected and non-indirect domination, he planned to replace the post of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and to remove district officials from the centre, provided that Kabaka was required to follow the advice of the resident and his collaborators. [9] However, under the Ugandan Convention of 1900, Kabaka was only required to respond to such advice in the case of the implementation of the Lukiiko resolutions.

Relations between Kabaka, the protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated and, due to the limited power of the governor under the 1900 agreement to impose its council on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the protectorate government could exert in Buganda. [9] In English and Luganda in Mengo, Kingdom of Uganda, on March 10, 1900.