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2005 Agreement Between India And China

India is concerned about China`s water diversion, dam construction and cross-river plans. In a conflict, India fears that China will use rivers as leverage. China has already built ten dams on the Bhramaputra and its tributaries such as the Zangmu Dam, and it has been said that China is building a mega-dam on the “big bend”, the Motuo Dam. India`s concerns also stem from China`s failure to cooperate in the timely exchange of information on projects that would affect water sharing; China also does not allow Indian experts to visit dam sites. There are a number of MOUs on the exchange of hydrological data between the two countries with respect to brahmaputra, including emergency management. [142] Wu Dawei, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister, who is accompanying Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao on an official visit to India, told reporters after the signing ceremony that the agreement laid the groundwork for the resolution of the border between the two countries. China and India have worked together to produce films together, such as Kung Fu Yoga with Jackie Chan in the lead role. [91] However, the disruptions have increased again because China has built trade routes, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, with Pakistan on the territory of controversial Kashmir. [92] On June 16, 2017, Chinese troops began expanding an existing road in Doklam to the south with construction vehicles and road equipment, an area claimed by both China and India`s ally Bhutan. [93] [94] [95] [96] [97] [98] On June 18, 2017, some 270 armed Indian troops and two bulldozers entered Doklam to prevent Chinese troops from building the road. [95] [99] [100] [101] China has notably accused India of unlawful intrusion into its territory, through the Sino-Indian border, and of violation of its territorial sovereignty and the UN Charter. [102] India has criticized China for changing the status quo, in violation of an agreement reached between the two governments in 2012 on tripartite cross border points, and for creating “security problems” widely seen as referring to the Siliguri Strategic Corridor. [103] [104] Indian media reported that on 28 June, Bhutan launched a process calling on China to stop building roads in Doklam and maintain the status quo.

[105] Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj said that if China unilaterally changed the status quo from the point of convergence between China and India and Bhutan, it would pose a challenge to India`s security. [106] China has repeatedly stated that India`s withdrawal is a precondition for sound dialogue. [107] [108] On 21 July 2017, Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj said that India and China should withdraw their troops for dialogue. [109] On August 2, 2017, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a document claiming that Indian border forces had illegally crossed the China-India border and explained China`s position on the matter. [110] [111] [112] [112] The document states that China informed India of its plan to build roads in advance, “in full reflection on China`s goodwill.” [114] The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs responded by referring to its previous press release on this subject, contrary to a point-by-point rebuttal. [115] On August 28, 2017, China and India agreed to end the closure of the borders. Both said they were ready to withdraw from the Doklam impasse. [116] Since the 1962 war, the two countries have concluded various bilateral agreements as confidence-building measures (CBM) to avoid an escalation of the situation, including the much-disputed 1996 agreement and the “dominant practice” of not using weapons near the LAC that results from that agreement and others.